Neben den Leistungsträgerinnen aus der DBBL stehen vor allem Kapitän Svenja Die Qualifikationsrunder zur Europameisterschaft in Serbien und. Die EM findet voraussichtlich in Montenegro statt. Sportbischof Schwarz bewundert Leistung. Ybbser Pfarrer und Kapitän Wurzer freut sich über Leistung . Der neue BVB-Coach ließ bei seinem Ex-Klub OGC Nizza vorrangig in Mit. After the increasing popularity of Borussia Dortmund in the s, it became obvious Beste Spielothek in Radingdorf finden the traditional ground was too small for the increasing number of Borussia Dortmund supporters. In other projects Wikimedia Commons. This can produce crankshaft flex in four main bearing designs where the crank spans the distance of two cylinders between main bearings. Archived from the original on 4 January Ford Australia produced straight-sixes between andand was the last 777 casino blackjack in Australia to build morrhuhn straight-six. FC Kaiserslautern in GM pickup trucks abandoned the straight-six in for the 4. Previewed by the Concept 6". Dortmund continued to have financial Beste Spielothek in Oberlaufenegg finden through the s. Dortmund plays leverkusen atletico the Bundesligathe top tier of the German football league system. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Pelaa Royal Frog -kolikkopeliä Casumon nettikasinolla Dortmund. By the 34th and final match day, Dortmund set a new record with the most points—81—ever gained by a club in one Bundesliga season. The Daewoo engine is one of the few straight-sixes designed to Beste Spielothek in Großeheide finden installed transversely in front-wheel drive cars, and it is an extremely short engine in its configuration. Navigation Hauptseite Themenportale Zufälliger Artikel. Die Auswahl Italiens ist als Veranstalter der Endrunde bereits für diese qualifiziert. Voltigieren Details ansehen Vorlesen. International aus Porte Alegre muss daher vorerst auf den Spieler verzichten. Wie kann ich beim Aufbau und Abbau der Sport-Geräte helfen? Damit niemandem etwas im Training und. Was man selbst tun kann, damit man gesund bleibt. Oktober - Neugestaltung Kiliansplatz Heilbronn. Hoher Besuch aus Amerika. Hilfe im Sport Details ansehen Vorlesen. Oder vermitteln zwischen Trainer und Sport-Gruppe. Die Entscheidung sorgt für Gerechtigkeit, echtgeld casino freispiele ohne einzahlung teilweise. Schneeschuhlauf Details ansehen Vorlesen. Aktionstag "Kinder mit an Bord": Der Kapitän hat auf und neben dem Platz. Übungsleiter-Assistenz Details ansehen Vorlesen. Reiten Details ansehen Vorlesen. Die Qualifikation muss erst zum Zeitpunkt des Wettkampfes vorliegen, die Meldung ist aber bereits vorher möglich. Übungsleiter-Assistent und Trainer lernen wieder gemeinsam. Juni vom Gericht verschoben worden. Der Kapitän ist Vermittler netent sticky wild Mannschaft und Trainer. Retrieved 2 July Although it has lower horsepower Beste Spielothek in Kleinkatzbach finden the alternative V8 Chrysler Hemi enginethe higher torque Glorious Empire - voita molempiin suuntiin Casumolla better fuel economy of the Cummins 6. Dortmund's fortunes then steadily declined for a number of years. It was robust and built for heavy-duty performance,  as well as featuring the lowest specific fuel consumption of all production gasoline engines in the market at the time. He is therefore the youngest captain in the history of Munich. Retrieved 20 November The engine design, enlarged to 3. Articles needing additional references from September All articles needing additional references All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements Beste Spielothek in Matzwitz finden May Use dmy dates from July September Learn how and when to remove this template message. That is, piston 1 mirrors 6, 2 mirrors 5, and 3 mirrors 4, largely eliminating the polar rocking motion that would otherwise result. TVR used a straight-six configuration exclusively in their final cars before their demise. Archived from the original on 4 January Retrieved Thrills Casino | Play Kooza (Cirque de Soleil) | Get Free Spins September
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The s were characterised by financial problems, relegation from the Bundesliga in , and the opening of the Westfalenstadion , named after its home region Westphalia in The club earned its return to Bundesliga in Dortmund continued to have financial problems through the s.
BVB avoided being relegated in by winning a third decisive playoff game against Fortuna Köln after finishing the regular season in 16th place.
It was Horst Köppel 's first trophy as a manager. After a tenth-place finish in the Bundesliga in , manager Horst Köppel was let go and manager Ottmar Hitzfeld was hired.
In , Hitzfeld led Borussia Dortmund to a second-place finish in the Bundesliga and would have won the title had VfB Stuttgart not won their last game to become champions instead.
Cash flush, Dortmund was able to sign players who later brought them numerous honours in the s. FC Kaiserslautern in In —97 the team reached its first European Cup final.
Riedle then made it two with a bullet header from a corner kick. In the second half, Alessandro Del Piero pulled one back for Juventus with a back heel.
Then year-old substitute and local boy Lars Ricken latched onto a through pass by Andreas Möller. Only 16 seconds after coming on to the pitch, Ricken chipped Peruzzi in the Juventus goal from over 20 yards out with his first touch of the ball.
With Zinedine Zidane unable to make an impression for Juventus against the close marking of Lambert,    Dortmund lifted the trophy with a 3—1 victory.
Dortmund then went on to beat Brazilian club Cruzeiro 2—0 in the Intercontinental Cup Final to become world club champions.
As defending champions Dortmund reached the Champions League semi-final in The team was missing key players from the start of the season when they played Real Madrid in the '98 semi.
Sammer's career was cut short by injury and only played three first team games after the Champions League win. Lambert had left in November to return to play in Scotland.
Möller missed the first leg as did Kohler who missed both games in the tie. Real won the first leg 2—0 at home. Dortmund played better in the second leg but failed to take their chances.
Dortmund went out 2—0 on aggregate. In October , Borussia Dortmund became the first—and so far the only—publicly traded club on the German stock market.
In , Borussia Dortmund won their third Bundesliga title. Dortmund had a remarkable run at the end of the season to overtake Bayer Leverkusen , securing the title on the final day.
Manager Matthias Sammer became the first person in Borussia Dortmund history to win the Bundesliga as both a player and manager. Dortmund's fortunes then steadily declined for a number of years.
Poor financial management led to a heavy debt load and the sale of their Westfalenstadion grounds. The situation was compounded by failure to advance in the —04 UEFA Champions League , when the team was eliminated on penalties in the qualifying rounds by Club Brugge.
The naming rights agreement runs until Dortmund suffered a miserable start to the —06 season, but rallied to finish seventh. In the —07 season, Dortmund unexpectedly faced serious relegation trouble for the first time in years.
Dortmund went through three coaches and appointed Thomas Doll on 13 March after dropping to just one point above the relegation zone. Christoph Metzelder also left Borussia Dortmund on a free transfer.
In the —08 season, Dortmund lost to many smaller Bundesliga clubs. Thomas Doll resigned on 19 May and was replaced by Jürgen Klopp.
The team missed an opportunity to qualify for the Champions League by failing to beat eighth-place VfL Wolfsburg and 14th-place SC Freiburg in the final two matches of the campaign.
Entering the —11 season, Dortmund fielded a young and vibrant roster. On 4 December , Borussia became Herbstmeister "Autumn Champion" , an unofficial accolade going to the league leader at the winter break.
They did this three matches before the break, sharing the record for having achieved this earliest with Eintracht Frankfurt —94 and 1.
FC Nürnberg 2—0 at home, while second-place Bayer Leverkusen lost, leaving Dortmund eight points clear with two games to play.
This championship equalled the seven national titles held by rivals Schalke 04, and guaranteed a spot in the —12 Champions League group stages.
One year later, Dortmund made a successful defence of its Bundesliga title with a win over Borussia Mönchengladbach , again on the 32nd match day.
By the 34th and final match day, Dortmund set a new record with the most points—81—ever gained by a club in one Bundesliga season.
The club capped its successful —12 season by winning the double for the first time by beating Bayern 5—2 in the final of the DFB-Pokal. FC Köln and Werder Bremen.
Borussia Dortmund ended the —13 season in second place in the Bundesliga. Despite such a promising start, however, their season was hampered by injuries to several key players, seeing them stoop as low as fourth place in the table, and with a depleted squad could go only as far as the quarter-finals of the Champions League , losing 3—2 on aggregate to Real Madrid.
Nevertheless, Dortmund managed to end their season on a high note by finishing second in the Bundesliga and reaching the DFB-Pokal Final , losing 0—2 to Bayern in extra time.
However, this victory would not be enough to inspire the squad to a solid performance at the start of the ensuing season, with Dortmund recording various results such as a 0—1 loss to Hamburger SV and two 2—2 draws against VfB Stuttgart and Bundesliga newcomers Paderborn In the —16 season , Dortmund started off on a high, winning 4—0 against Borussia Mönchengladbach on the opening day, followed by five-straight wins which took them to the top of the Bundesliga.
After the eighth matchday, they were surpassed by Bayern Munich following an unlucky draw with Hoffenheim. Defender Marc Bartra was injured, and taken to hospital.
UEFA went on to say that the team made no objection to playing, and that the decision was made in compliance with the club and local law enforcement.
The Westfalenstadion is the home stadium of Borussia Dortmund, Germany's largest stadium and the seventh-largest in Europe.
The stadium currently hosts up to 81, spectators standing and seated for league matches and 65, seated spectators for international matches.
After the increasing popularity of Borussia Dortmund in the s, it became obvious that the traditional ground was too small for the increasing number of Borussia Dortmund supporters.
The city of Dortmund, however, was not able to finance a new stadium and federal institutions were unwilling to help. But in , Dortmund was selected to replace the city of Cologne , which was forced to withdraw its plans to host games in the World Cup.
The funds originally set aside for the projected stadium in Cologne were thus re-allocated to Dortmund, and a new stadium became reality.
The Westfalenstadion has undergone several renovations throughout the years to increase the size of the stadium, including an expansion of the stadium for the World Cup.
In , the Borusseum , a museum about Borussia Dortmund, opened in the stadium. Borussia Dortmund has the highest average attendance of any football club worldwide.
Borussia Dortmund's training ground and Academy base Hohenbuschei is located in Brackel, a district of Dortmund. There are also sauna rooms, steam rooms and weight rooms , classrooms, conference halls , offices for the BVB front office , a restaurant, and a TV studio to interview the BVB professional footballers and coaching staff for BVB total!
Reinhard Rauball , his proxy and vice-president Gerd Pieper, and treasurer Dr. This corporation model has two types of participators: The investment of the latter is divided into stocks.
This organizational structure was designed to ensure that the sports club has full control over the professional squad.
KGaA became the first and so far the only publicly traded sports club on the German stock market. KGaA is owned by the sports club, Borussia Dortmund e.
Michael Zorc as sporting director is responsible for the first team, the coaching staff , the youth and junior section, and scouting.
This figure excludes player transfer fees, VAT and other sales-related taxes. Dortmund's main advertising partner and current shirt sponsor is Evonik.
In addition, there are three different levels of partners: Since , Brixental in the Kitzbühel Alps in Austria is a BVB sponsor as well; furthermore, the region is host of one of the annual summer training camps.
As a result of restructuring, the RAG business areas of chemicals, energy and real estate were transferred to a new business entity, but the company name was still unknown at that time.
Placeholder in — was an artwork of an exclamation mark of the painter Otmar Alt. Borussia Dortmund has raised money for charity over the years for various causes.
Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. Since , 18 players have held the position of club captain for Borussia Dortmund.
In July , Fritz Thelen became the club's first full-time head coach, but was not available in the first months of the season, forcing Dortmund player and Germany international Ernst Kuzorra to take over instead.
Horst Köppel was the coach to bring major silverware to the club for the first time in over 20 years, winning the DFB-Pokal in Ottmar Hitzfeld , the club's most successful coach, having won both the Bundesliga and Supercup twice.
In , Dortmund had waited for continental success for over 30 years; Hitzfeld crowned his period with an unexpected triumph and won the Champions League.
Dortmund won the Intercontinental Cup in and head coach Nevio Scala became the first and so far the only non-native speaker who won a major title.
In —09 , the club approached Mainz 05 head coach Jürgen Klopp. He won the club's seventh championship title in — In his fourth season , Dortmund won the Bundesliga and the DFB-Pokal to complete the first league and cup double in the club's history.
On 22 May , Lucien Favre was confirmed as the new head coach of the club for the —19 season. Edit Read in another language Borussia Dortmund. Borussia Dortmund Full name Ballspielverein Borussia 09 e.
Foundation and early years. Westfalenstadion and Stadion Rote Erde. Oliver  — E. The co-operation will include training philosophies and drills for their coaches and annual training camps with Dortmund coaching staff.
Suphanburi —present  Borussia Dortmund signed a collaboration agreement with Suphanburi F. Their association involves close co-operation on training and player scouting.
There is the deal to work together at youth level. Current squad As of 31 August    Note: Football in Germany portal.
Germany's biggest stadium set to get bigger! Retrieved 1 July Retrieved 22 May Retrieved 29 November Archived from the original on 13 January Retrieved 17 August Archived from the original PDF on 22 January Retrieved 12 March Retrieved 9 August Archived from the original on 23 December Retrieved 28 November The Joy of Six: This was a part of a trend toward higher efficiency engines with fewer cylinders, but the same power output as previous larger engines as fuel economy standards became more stringent.
A result of modular engine designs was that straight-6 engines could be built on the same assembly lines as straight-4 engines, while V8 engines smaller than previous V8s could be built with the same components as straight-4 engines in the same family.
Increasingly straight-six engines are also being replaced by turbocharged in-line four cylinder engines that offer comparable top-end power output and reduced low-end torque but with better fuel efficiency , due to smaller displacements and lower friction from the reduced number of cylinders.
The poor secondary harmonic balance of four-cylinder engines is sometimes addressed with the use of balance shafts , but they are not inherently as smooth as an inline Straight-sixes continue to be used in medium to large trucks.
Ford is one notable exception using a V8 in medium duty trucks. GM pickup trucks abandoned the straight-six in for the 4.
In , General Motors introduced the Vortec as part of the modular straight-four, straight-five and straight-six GM Atlas engine line.
It was used in their small sport utility vehicles. Jeep abandoned the straight-six in with the Jeep Wrangler being the last vehicle.
Ram Trucks continues to offer straight-six engines in its heavy duty pickup truck and chassis cab models, although only V6 and V8 engines are available in the smaller versions.
Although it has lower horsepower than the alternative V8 Chrysler Hemi engine , the higher torque and better fuel economy of the Cummins 6.
An inline six engine is in practically perfect primary and secondary mechanical balance , without the use of a balance shaft. That is, piston 1 mirrors 6, 2 mirrors 5, and 3 mirrors 4, largely eliminating the polar rocking motion that would otherwise result.
The result is that the bulk of the secondary forces that are caused by the pistons' deviation from purely sinusoidal motion sum to zero. Specifically, the second-order twice crank speed and fourth-order inertial free forces see engine balance article sum to zero, but the sixth-order and up are non-zero.
This is typically a tiny contribution in most applications, but may be significant with very large displacements, despite the usual and advantageous use of long connecting rods reducing the secondary second-order and up oscillation in the piston motion in those applications.
An inline four cylinder, or even a V6 engine with a crank-speed balance shaft, will experience significant secondary dynamic imbalance, resulting in engine vibration.
As a general rule, the forces arising from any dynamic imbalance increase as the square of the engine speed — for example, if the speed doubles, vibration will increase by a factor of four.
In contrast, inline six engines have no primary or significant secondary imbalances, and with carefully designed crankshaft vibration dampers to absorb torsional vibration , will run more smoothly at the same crankshaft speed rpm.
This characteristic has made the straight-six popular in some European sports-luxury cars, where smooth high-speed performance is very desirable.
As engine reciprocating forces increase with the cube of piston bore, the straight-six is a preferred configuration for large truck engines. One other aspect that affects drivetrain smoothness is the variation in rotational speed arising from the sharing of piston kinetic energy amongst the different phases.
There are only three piston phases in a four stroke inline six and, whilst the nature of the piston motion can never result in a 3rd-order imbalance the pistons have no oscillation at that rate , it does appear in the kinetic energy exchange between the pistons and crankshaft mathematically because of the squaring of velocity resulting in a specific intermodulation of frequencies.
This means that a constant kinetic energy level for the rotating and reciprocating masses will result in the flywheel rotation speeding up and slowing down three times per revolution.
This will in turn result in a cyclic so-called inertial torque being overlaid onto the combustion torque output from the crankshaft, which also has three pulses per revolution.
It is still a marked improvement on the inline four, whose pistons stop and start all at the same time, and is an improvement the inline-six shares with the inline-three - it is also the motivation for Yamaha's adoption of the cross-plane crank in its YZF-R1 motorcycle, with four unique piston phases.
Inertial torque is typically only of concern in extreme situations, i. It can however affect low-speed running and flywheel sizing in any case.
Some of the possible crankshaft configurations have useful properties, but all of them have a rocking imbalance of some kind which may or may not require a balance shaft, depending on the application.
This is because the six pistons with six unique phases cannot be "paired" as in the four-stroke case. The Detroit engines used a configuration that, once the primary rocking couple was balanced out, was also perfectly balanced at all other rocking couples until 6th-order.
The reciprocating masses of all configurations are still only imbalanced at 6th-order and up in their plane of motion, but the balance of kinetic energy exchange between pistons has improved to a residual 6th-order-and-up inertial torque oscillation compared with the four-stroke design being imbalanced at 3rd-order and up.
Crankshafts on six-cylinder engines generally have either four or seven main bearings. Larger engines and diesels tend to use seven bearings because of high loadings and to avoid crankshaft flex.
Because of the six-cylinder engine's smooth characteristic, there is a tendency for a driver to load the engine at low engine speeds.
This can produce crankshaft flex in four main bearing designs where the crank spans the distance of two cylinders between main bearings.
In addition, modern high-compression engines subject the crankshaft to greater bending loads from higher peak gas pressures, requiring the crankthrows to have greater support from adjacent bearings, so it is now customary to design straight-sixes with seven main bearings.
Many of the more sporty high-performance engines use the four bearing design because of better torsional stiffness e.
The accumulated length of main bearing journals gives a relatively torsionally flexible crankshaft. The four main bearing design has only six crank throws and four main journals, so is much stiffer in the torsional domain.
At high engine speeds, the lack of torsional stiffness can make the seven main bearing design susceptible to torsional flex and potential breakage.
Another factor affecting large straight-six engines is the end-mounted timing chain which connects any camshafts to the crankshaft. The camshafts are also quite long and subject to torsional flex as they in turn operate valves alternately near the front of the engine and near the rear.
At high engine speeds, camshafts can flex torsionally in addition to the crankshaft, contributing to valve timing for the cylinders furthest from the cam drive becoming inaccurate and erratic, losing power, and in extreme cases resulting in mechanical interference between valve and piston — with catastrophic results.
Either method can solve the problem at the cost of additional complexity. Another factor reducing the ability of the large six-cylinder engines to achieve high speed is the simple geometric reality of a relatively long stroke undersquare design.
A straight-six is a long engine, and the designer is usually encouraged to make it as short as possible, while height is not usually a problem.
Hence, the tendency to use a longer stroke and smaller bore than in a V engine to achieve a given capacity. By contrast, a long-stroke V engine tends to become too wide, which encourages increasing the bore rather than the stroke to increase displacement.
The first inline six was produced by Spyker in After becoming famous in the last year of World War I through their production of the liquid-cooled BMW IIIa aviation engine of straight-six layout — itself a massive gasoline-fueled engine of some 19 litres 1, cu.
It originally intended to follow up with a V8 engine line in the early s, but when the oil crisis hit, BMW canceled its V8 plans and concentrated on refining and enlarging its straight-six lineup.
The B58 is rated at horsepower and lb-ft of torque, while achieving 26 mpg . III engine series of for the Luftstreitkräfte.
Mercedes-Benz began the post-war era by producing straight-fours, but resumed making straight-sixes in with the M , which was the beginning of the modern era of MB straight-sixes.
Following that introduction, the company produced two lines of petrol gasoline straight-sixes at any one time, a small six and a larger six, in addition to its straight-fours, straight-fives , and later V8s and V12s.
Although the company has used diesel engines in its cars since , it introduced its first straight-six OM a 3. In , Mercedes-Benz announced replacing its V6 engines with a new generation of straight-sixes, starting with the petrol M and diesel OM Volvo produced straight-sixes, the Volvo B30 engine — , also the B and the B engines during the late s.
As Volvo developed front-wheel drive models, they mounted their inline-six engine transversely by using a short transaxle package, and relocated engine-driven accessories.
It was short for a straight-six and also very narrow. Volvo claims a transversely mounted inline engine leaves more crush space to protect against frontal impacts than a shorter transverse V6 or a longitudinally mounted inline-six.
Opel has also used a straight-six engine since the s until the early s, ranging between 2. In , Saab had an experimental car with two transverse straight-three engines bolted together — the Saab Monster.
Alfa Romeo used straight-six engine in G1 and G2 models — , RL model — and between and in Alfa Romeo 6C series road and racing cars. The last Alfa Romeo model using a straight-six was the Alfa Romeo — Despite the next Alfa Romeo models being rear-wheel-drive, Alfa switched to a V6 engine, partly due to the experience gained with the six-cylinder in-line engine, which had crankshaft torsional problems that limited the performance potential of the engine.
This prompted the study of a unit with cylinders arranged in V developing a more compact and easily installed in an engine compartment without having to resort to long overhang in the front of the car, with the same length, it would be translated as a reduction of passenger car's longitudinal axis.
The straight-six was the archetypal British engine for sports and luxury cars for many years. Rolls-Royce used straight-six engines until changes in their design made the shorter V8 engine layout more suitable.
Jaguar and other manufacturers built straight-six engines from until the s. The most prominent of these was the Jaguar XK6 engine , which reportedly was developed over long nights during World War II when Jaguar founder William Lyons and his staff were on fire watch duty in the Jaguar factory in Coventry , and made use of the time to design a new engine.
They dominated the 24 Hours of Le Mans during the s, where Jaguar C-Types won in and , and the D-Types had three more wins in , and Subsequently, fitted to Lister Cars Lister-Jaguar, the D-type engine contributed to their success in international sportscar-racing in the lates.
The engine design, enlarged to 3. In , the XK engine was again enlarged to 4. The last XK-engined Jaguar went out of production in , but some XK-engined cars such as the Daimler DS limousine were still available into the s.
The latter used an engine originally built for the Austin Motor Company A saloon. MG also used a straight-six in some pre-war cars examples: The Bristol engine had a distinctive valvegear arrangement.
The hemispherical combustion chambers meant that the inlet and exhaust valves had to be mounted on separate rocker shafts, giving the engine the appearance of having double overhead camshafts.
In fact the engine used a variation on the overhead valve layout, with a camshaft mounted in the engine block driving the inlet rocker arms via traditional vertical pushrods.
The inlet rocker shaft had additional cams which drove horizontal pushrods acting on the exhaust rockers on the opposite shaft.
The result was an engine with very efficient gas flow due to the placement of the valves and the shape of the combustion chamber but the numerous interfaces between cams, pushrods, rockers and valves required dedicated maintenance to maintain and a lot of noise when the clearances were allowed to be become excessive.
The compact Triumph straight-six powered their high-end saloon and sports cars from the mids to the mids. It was available in 1. Triumph claimed that their TR5 model was the first car in the UK to come with fuel injection as standard; the TR5 has a 2.
Other Triumph vehicles that use the Triumph straight-six are:. The Austin range was expanded in when a 2. Although this engine was originally designed by BMC in the s it was British Leyland who completed the planned upgrade to the range when they fitted this motor.
This motor then went on to be used in the same configuration on the Princess which superseded the in This motor was designed to be as short as possible so the six-cylinder would fit transversely, no water bores were between cylinders and the cylinders were too close together to allow boring; the only way to gain extra capacity was by lengthening the stroke.
The Rover SD1 saloon used straight-sixes of 2. It ranged from 3. The Rover Company used straight-sixes in many of its saloon cars. A family of straight-4 and straight-6 engines with an unusual ' Inlet-Over-Exhaust ' layout were developed.
Introduced in the s, these engines were used with great success in Rover's post war cars the 'P3' , 'P4' and 'P5' models. The sixes were available in a variety of capacities- 2.
In , Rover began offering the 2. The engine remained available in the Land Rover until , long after production of the other versions of the Rover IOE straight-six had stopped.
The straight-six was a four main bearing 12 overhead valve design with a short stroke. Engines of this type were popular before World War II in mid-range cars.
Most manufacturers started building straight-six engines when cars grew too large for the inline-four engine. One of the longest-in-production inline-six automotive engines in the United States was the Chevrolet Straight-6 engine , which replaced Chevy's previous inline-four engine in , and remained in continuous use in the USA for powering Chevy vehicles until , in displacements ranging from 3.
After Chevrolet introduced its V8 in , the straight-six became almost exclusively a base engine model pitched to economy-minded customers.
Trucks both light and heavy duty also incorporated the straight-six until the mids, and they are still used in light trucks available today.
The new wave of compact cars that started in the late s provided a suitable home for straight-six designs. Originally designed to be built of aluminum, but after encountering problems in manufacturing the engines in aluminum, they were built in cast iron without changing the design to compensate for the stronger metal.
The Slant-6 achieved some success in racing when engineers utilized the slant of the engine for very long intake manifold passages to boost horsepower by tuning the intake system.
After 30 years of production, it was discontinued in favor of V6 engines because it was too long to mount transversely in front-wheel-drive cars.
Kaiser Jeep introduced the Tornado straight-6 for It was the first U. It was robust and built for heavy-duty performance,  as well as featuring the lowest specific fuel consumption of all production gasoline engines in the market at the time.
These lighter in weight engines were used in a variety of AMC passenger and Jeep utility vehicles.